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Red Robed Judge Fitzroy Edward Kelley Vanity Fair Print


The Lord Chief Baron

The Lord Chief Baron


Red Robed Judge Fitzroy Edward Kelley Vanity Fair Print

Original Lithograph with the caption at the bottom of the print: The Lord Chief Baron

Kelly was born in London, the son of Robert Hawke Kelly (died in or before 1807), a captain in the Royal Navy. His mother was the novelist Isabella Kelly, daughter of Captain William Fordyce, Groom of the Privy Chamber to George III. In 1824, he was called to the bar by Lincoln’s Inn, having already gained a reputation as a skilled special pleader. In 1834 Kelly was made a King’s Counsel, remarkably after only ten years’ call. A strong Tory, he was returned as Member of Parliament for Ipswich in 1835, but was unseated on petition. In 1837 however he again became member for that town. From 1843 to 1847 he was MP for Cambridge, and in 1852 was elected member for Harwich, but with a vacancy suddenly occurring in East Suffolk, he preferred to contest that seat and was elected.

Most of his legal cases were of a commercial nature, but one was one of the great criminal poisoning crimes of the early Victorian period. In March 1845 Kelly defended John Tawell, the “Quaker” murderer (actually he was no longer a member of the Quakers, though he tried to return to that group). Tawell had poisoned his mistress, Sarah Hart, and fled from Salt Hill in Aylesbury by train. However, a description of Tawell was sent to London by electric telegraph and he was captured. Kelly did the best for his client, but was not in the type of case to which he was accustomed. His argument that Sarah Hart had eaten too many pips (pits) of her apples and got poisoned by the prussic acid in the pips led to the nickname “Apple-pip” which followed Kelly for the rest of his life. Despite his endeavours his client was found guilty and hanged.

Kelly was Solicitor-General in 1845 (when he was knighted), and again from February to December 1852, during which time he was junior to Attorney-General Sir Frederic Thesiger in the prosecution of John Henry Newman for libel, the Achilli trial. In 1858–1859 he was Attorney General in Lord Derby’s second ministry. In 1866 he was raised to the bench as the last Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer and made a member of the Privy Council, entitling him to sit on the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.

Kelly died at Brighton on 18 September 1880, aged 83.

Published: 04-Nov-1871 Signed by: Unsigned . Dimensions approximately 23cm x 35cm.

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